If you’re new to towing, you’re probably wondering how to hook up a trailer. It can seem intimidating at first, but it’s really not that difficult.
In this guide, we will walk you through the trailer hook up process step-by-step.
By following these instructions, you will be able to hook up your trailer easily and trouble-free.
How To Hook Up A Trailer
Fortunately, hooking up a trailer is a pretty straightforward and repeatable process once you get the hang of it.
It will take a little practice, but practice makes perfect.
We can break the process down into 6 easy steps:
Before You Begin
Before hooking up your trailer, make sure that the trailer ball size you’re using matches the coupler size on your trailer.
Now is also a good time to raise the trailer height to where you’ll have clearance over the ball hitch on your tow vehicle.
It’s also a good idea to make sure you’ve got the correct tire pressure for towing on your tow vehicle tires and trailer tires.
Additionally, you can take a look at our guide to parts of a trailer hitch to familiarize yourself with all the different components of your trailer towing setup for a quick refresher.
Step 1: Back The Vehicle Up To The Trailer
First, you will need to back your vehicle up to the trailer.
Set your vehicle so that you can back up in a straight line to the trailer coupling.
Backing up in a straight line is much easier than trying to back around corners or zig-zag, especially if this is new for you.
Once you are in position, put your vehicle in park and set the emergency brake.
Then you can begin attaching the trailer to your vehicle.
Step 2: Raise The Trailer Coupler
Stop the vehicle about 12 inches away from the trailer ball and adjust the height of the trailer coupler.
Ensure that the coupler is higher than the trailer ball so you can back the vehicle up the remaining distance.
Step 3: Make Sure The Coupler and Trailer Ball Are Lined Up
Take this step slow!
Slowly back up your vehicle until the ball is directly under the coupler, making sure to line them up exactly.
Step 4: Connect The Trailer
There are three main connection points that you will need to hook up: the coupler, the safety chains, and the electrical connector.
The coupler is the part of the trailer that attaches to the hitch ball on your vehicle. To attach it, lift up on the lever and place it over the hitch ball.
Next, lower down on the lever until it locks into place.
Now that you’ve got the coupler connected, it’s time to connect your towing safety chains.
Towing safety chains provide an extra measure of safety in case the coupler becomes disconnected from the hitch ball.
They’re also required by law, so don’t skip this step!
To attach them, simply loop them around the coupler and then hook them onto your vehicle’s trailer hitch in a crisscross pattern.
Last, you will need to connect the wiring harness.
This is what powers the lights on your trailer.
To do this, match up the ends of your trailer wiring and vehicle wiring harness plugs and plug them together.
Make sure you have enough slack in the wiring to make turns without the wiring becoming tight, but not so much slack that the wiring touches the ground.
Step 5: Fully Retract The Trailer Jack
Your trailer jack needs to be retracted and pulled up out of the way during towing.
Some trailer jacks have a leg that pulls into the jack post.
Other trailer jacks may have a bracket that allows the jack to swing out when in use, and parallel with the trailer tongue when not in use.
Step 6: Check Your Trailer Lights
Check your brake lights, left turn signal, right turn signal, hazard lights, and running lights to make sure they’re all in sync with your vehicle and fully operational on your trailer.
You’re Ready To Go
Congratulations, you’ve successfully hooked up your trailer and are ready to go!
Take a look at our towing safety tips for some key things to be aware of and be prepared for before you hit the road to ensure a smooth trip.
Take a look at this full process in action in this video by Aluma trailers:
How To Hook Up A Trailer By Yourself
Hooking up a trailer by yourself is a bit more challenging, but can be simplified with a little preparation.
You’ll still follow all the steps we outlined above, but keep the following tips in mind to make things easier.
Raise The Trailer First
All the tips below are much easier and safer to perform if you first make sure that the trailer coupler is raised above the height of your ball hitch.
Do that first before continuing.
Move The Trailer By Hand
If you have a lightweight trailer, it may be easier to manually move it to your vehicle rather than backing the vehicle up to it.
Don’t overdo it and hurt yourself, though. If your trailer is too heavy, then plan on backing your vehicle up to the trailer.
Use Your Backup Camera To Your Advantage
Most vehicles made after 2012 have backup cameras in them, and these are very helpful when hooking up a trailer by yourself!
Just line things up and make sure you’ve raised the trailer height adequately before backing the tow vehicle up to the trailer.
Keep Your Driver Door Open
Once you get within a few feet of the trailer coupler, open up your driver’s side door and keep an eye on the ground so you can better judge how far you’re backing up.
Use Markers To Your Advantage
You can use a flag or stick to mark the location of your trailer’s coupler, and use a piece of tape on your tow vehicle’s rear window.
Line these two up as you back up to the trailer to make things quite a bit easier on yourself.
Wrapping Things Up
We hope you’ve found this guide useful.
You’re now ready to hit the road with your trailer in tow!
Just remember to drive safely and always obey the posted speed limits.
Have any other tips for hooking up a trailer? Let us know in the comments below.